Brazil

Many well-educated women in the cities live in relative equality, while women in other parts of the country are controlled by written and unwritten rules which limit their freedom of movement.

Brazil is not one country. Many well-educated women in the cities live in relative equality, while women in other parts of the country are controlled by written and unwritten rules which limit their freedom of movement.
Brazil is an extremely violent country, and although the violence mainly affects young men, many women are killed and injured. According to official figures, 34,648 people were shot and killed in 2006.

Population: 193.7 million (2009)

Religions: Christianity 90% (Roman Catholic approx. 70%, Protestant 20%), others 10 %

Life expectancy: men 68 years, women 76 years (2011)

Literacy rate: 90% (2010)

Income inequality: Gini coefficient 0.539 (2009) *

Ranking on the Transparency International list of Corruption Perceptions in 183 countries: 73 (2011) **

Ranking in the UNDP Human Development Index of 146 countries, taking gender equality into account: 80 (2011) ***
Maternal deaths: 58 deaths per l00,000 births

Number of children/woman: 2.18 

Abortion legislation: Abortion is not legal. It is only allowed if the woman’s life is at risk or if she has been the victim of rape or incest.

Law against rape within marriage: Yes 

Violence against women in close relationships: 41,532 women were murdered in the years 1997-2007. That implies 10 women every day. The majority were murdered by men they knew. In the first six months of 2010 over 40,000 incidents of violence against women were reported.

 

* Gini coefficient:
An economic metric of inequality in a population, for example in income distribution. The Gini coefficient has a value of between 0 and 1, where 0 implies that the assets of all individuals are exactly the same (total equality) while 1 represents total inequality. The lower the Gini coefficient for income inequality, the greater the equality of distribution of salaries, profits, welfare benefits and other forms of compensation.

** Corruption:
In 2011, Transparency International ranked 183 countries according to how widespread corruption was in the country.  Position 1 on the list showed the country where corruption was least widespread, position 183 the greatest. Corruption within, for example, the police and justice systems has a marked influence on women’s lives.  

*** Equality:
Every year, the United Nations Development Programme, UNDP, measures human development in the world’s countries taking into account health, education and income, in the Human Development Index, HDI. In 2010 a new index was introduced: GII, Gender Inequality Index, which also takes gender equality into account. The countries are ranked from position 1 downwards.
 

Sources:

Swedish Institute of International Affairs
Center for Reproductive Rights
CIA World Factbook
Gini Coefficient World CIA Report 2009
Transparency International
UNDP HDI2011
UNDP HDR2011
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation
Map of violence 2010 compiled by Sangari Institute for the Brazilian government
Cnn.com
Matadornetwork.com
Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs’ reports on human rights